Malangizo Othandizira Kutentha Ochepera

OIP

"Mtundu, kununkhira, ndi kulawa" ndi zinthu zoyambirira zomwe anthu amazilingalira posankha chakudya. Mtundu, kununkhira, ndi kulawa kaŵirikaŵiri zimadalira mmene chakudya chimaphikidwa. Lipoti la "First Total Diet Research Report" lofalitsidwa ndi Hong Kong Center for Food Safety linanena kuti malowa adatumiza mitundu 22 ya masamba ku labotale, pogwiritsa ntchito ophika magetsi a 1200 W ndi 1600 W, popanda mafuta ophikira, komanso nthawi anali 3 mphindi 6. Zinapezeka kuti nthawi yayitali yophika komanso kutentha, ndipamene acrylamide amatulutsidwa m'masamba. Zotsatira zakuwonjezerapo mafuta odyera poyambitsa-kuwotcha ndi kuyuma-kouma ndizofanana.

Zakudya zosiyanasiyana zimaphikidwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana. Kafukufuku apeza kuti njira zosungira zakudya, njira zophikira, komanso kutentha kwa zakudya zimakhudza thanzi.

 

OIP (1)Mukaphika pa 60 ~ 80 ℃, ndikosavuta kuwononga gawo la mavitamini a masamba. Mukaphika msuzi, ndiwo zamasamba siziyenera kuphikidwa kwa nthawi yayitali. Ndibwino kudikirira msuzi kuwira ndikuyika ndiwo zamasamba nthawi yomweyo. Nyama ndi yokoma kwambiri komanso yofewa ku 70 ~ 75 ℃; nkhuku yonse iyenera kutenthedwa mpaka 82 ℃ kuti nyama yayikulu kwambiri iphikidwe bwino; nyama yosungunuka ndiyosavuta kufalitsa mabakiteriya pokonza, chifukwa chake iyenera kukhala osachepera 71 ℃ kutsimikizira chitetezo cha chakudya. Zakudya zam'madzi zikakazinga, kutentha kumayenera kukhala mozungulira 90 ℃, ndipo kutentha kumakhala 70 ℃, kuti isatenthe kwambiri komanso imakoma kwambiri.

 

Kuphatikiza pa kutentha kophika, kutentha panthawi yakudya kumathandizanso pa thanzi. Kutentha kwakudya sikuyenera kukhala kotentha kwambiri. Kudya kwakanthawi kochepa kwanthawi yayitali kumatha kuwotcha mucosa wam'mimba, kuwapangitsa kuti azikonzedwa kwa nthawi yayitali. Ndikosavuta kuyambitsa khansa pakapita nthawi. Zambiri zikuwonetsa kuti pakati pa odwala omwe ali ndi khansa ya m'mimba, opitilira 90% amakonda chakudya ndi zakumwa zotentha. Kudya kwakanthawi kochepa kozizira komanso kuzizira kumapangitsa kuti mitsempha yamagazi ya m'mimba ipangike mwachangu, zomwe zimakhudza kugaya ndi kuyamwa, zomwe zimatha kupweteketsa m'mimba, kupweteka m'mimba, kutsegula m'mimba komanso kusowa kwa zakudya m'thupi kwa nthawi yayitali. Nthawi zambiri, kutentha kwambiri pakudya kuyenera kukhala pafupi ndi kutentha thupi.

Tsatirani malangizo omwe adalangizidwa ndi foodsafety.gov pazakudya zochepa zophika komanso nthawi yopuma ya nyama, nkhuku, nsomba, ndi zakudya zina zophika. Onetsetsani kuti mukugwiritsa ntchito fayilo yathermometer yazakudya kuwunika ngati nyama yafika kutentha kotentha kwamkati kotentha mokwanira kupha majeremusi owopsa omwe amachititsa poyizoni wazakudya.

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Tikudziwa kuti mumasamalira makasitomala anu monga momwe timakusamalirani, ndichifukwa chake tikukupatsani chida chopangira makina okhitchini opangira zosowa zonse za makasitomala anu zomwe mungathe kapena osaganizira. Lumikizanani nafe kuti mupeze thermometer yanyama / thermometer yanyama / thermometer ya BBQ. 

 


Post nthawi: Jun-16-2021